Industrial espionage also known as corporate espionage is a criminal act affecting many organizations worldwide.  The losses to industries can be measured in the millions each year.  Something as simple as the theft of your client lists could give competitors a competitive advantage.  The loss of proprietary information for industries involved in defense and aerospace could be measured in the billions while the dangers to national security are  immesaurable.

To fight corporate espionage, industries have to implement comprehensive, sound, research-based countermeasures that will serve to deter, prevent, respond to and recover from such acts.  Several disciplines are combined to prevent and combat corporate espionage.  Security and investigations are what most people are familiar with; however, management practices, technology and concepts from the psychology field are also used.